Differences between Brushed Motors and Brushless Motors
Brushed DC Motors
Brush dc motors are one of the simplest types of motors, a typical brush dc motor consists of brushes, commutator, permanent magnet, wound armature.
The brushes charge the commutator inversely in polarity to the permanent magnet, in turn causing the armature to rotate. The rotation's direction, clockwise and/or counterclockwise, can be reversed easily by reversing the polarity of the brushes, reversing the leads on the battery.
In terms of differences, the name is revealed obviously. BLDC motors lack of brushes,connections and commutator. In place of these, the motor employs control circuitry. To detect where the rotor is at certain times, BLDC motors employ, along with controllers, rotary encoders or a Hall sensor.
Because of the brushes must be cleaned and replaced for continued operation, it can not use in medical designs, the brushless motors solve this problem in faultlessly. They beat brush motors in the speed/torque tradeoff with their ability to maintain or increase torque at various speeds. Importantly, there’s no power loss across brushes, making the components significantly more efficient.